30 Fundamental Human Rights (Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

30 human rights list

The 30 fundamental human rights extracted from the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) will be introduced along with a detailed explanation and 10 corresponding examples.

In trying to understand human rights as a general study topic, it is imperative to comprehend the different types and what each stands for.

30 Articles of Human Rights

30 human rights list

The birth of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights was a historic milestone in the evolution of human rights.

It is clearly stated within this Declaration that the human rights mentioned should be respected and maintained by all people, all countries, all individuals and all social organizations.

Below is a partial excerpt from a text of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, emphasizing the fact that everyone is entitled to these basic human rights.

Proclaims this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.

Reference:”Universal Declaration of Human Rights|United Nations”
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, proclaimed on December 10th 1948, expresses the fundamental human rights that should be upheld by all people and nations worldwide.

It illustrates the elemental implications of the world’s human rights discipline.

Below are the 30 human rights articles:

  • Article 1: Right to Freedom
  • Article 2: Freedom from Discrimination由
  • Article 3: Right to Life, Liberty and Personal Security
  • Article 4: Freedom from Slavery
  • Article 5: Freedom from Torture and Degrading Treatment
  • Article 6: Right to Recognition as a Person before the Law
  • Article 7: Right to Equality before the Law
  • Article 8: Right to Remedy by Competent Tribunal
  • Article 9: Freedom from Arbitrary Arrest and Exile
  • Article 10: Right to Fair Public Hearing
  • Article 11: Right to be Considered Innocent until Proven Guilty
  • Article 12: Freedom from Interference with Privacy, Family, Home and Correspondence
  • Article 13: Right to Free Movement in and out of the Country
  • Article 14: Right to Asylum in other countries from Persecution
  • Article 15: Right to Nationality and the Freedom to Change it
  • Article 16: Right to Marriage and Family
  • Article 17: Right to Own Property
  • Article 18: Freedom of Belief and Religion
  • Article 19: Freedom of Opinion and Information
  • Article 20: Right to Peaceful Assembly and Association
  • Article 21: Right to Participate in Government and in Free Elections
  • Article 22: Right to Social Security
  • Article 23: Right to Desirable Work and to Join Trade Unions
  • Article 24: Right to Rest and Leisure
  • Article 25: Right to Adequate Living Standard
  • Article 26: Right to Education
  • Article 27: Right to Participate in the Cultural Life of Community
  • Article 28: Right to a Social Order that Articulates this Document
  • Article 29: Community Duties Essential to Free and Full Development
  • Article 30: Freedom from State or Personal Interference in the above Rights

3Significance of the 30 Human Rights Articles

All 30 human rights mentioned and defined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights are interdependent, holds equal significance and cannot be hierarchically arranged.

If all 30 human rights articles are not provided to an individual, it cannot be said that human rights have been protected for said individual. In essence, if it is not fully protected, it has not been protected at all.

Because they are inherent to every woman, man and child, the rights listed in the 30 Articles are in­divisible – they are all equally important and cannot be positioned in a hierarchy.

No one human right can be fully realised without realising all other rights. Put another way, denial of one right makes it more difficult to enjoy the others.

Reference:”Universal Declaration of Human Rights at 70: 30 Articles on 30 Articles|OHCHR”

10 Fundamental Human Rights

30 human rights list

There are 10 examples of fundamental human rights presented when discussing Human Rights Careers.

The following are 10 prevalent examples of human rights, along with an explanation of each.

In 1948, the United Nations ratified The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

This wasn’t the first introduction to the concept of human rights or even the first time the term appeared, but it was the first global agreement on what human rights meant.

Human rights should never depend on someone’s race, gender, class, sexuality, abilities, religion, or any other part of their identity. No one “earns” human rights; they’re born with their rights intact.

With the UDHR, the world’s major leaders agreed that human rights were universal. Here are ten examples of human rights:

Reference:”10 Examples of Human Rights|HUMAN RIGHTS CAREERS”

  • 1.The Right to Life
  • 2.The Right to Freedom from Torture and Inhumane Treatment
  • 3.The Right to Equal Treatment before the Law
  • 4.The Right to Privacy
  • 5.The Right to Asylum
  • 6.The Right to Marriage and Family
  • 7.The Right to Freedom of Thought, Religion, Opinion and Expression
  • 8.The Right to Work
  • 9.The Right to Education
  • 10.The Right to Social Services

The Right to Life

This right means that no one – “including individuals and the government- can kill you.”

Because it is the government’s responsibility to protect human rights, they must create laws that safeguard human life and protect you if your life is in danger.

The Right to Freedom from Torture and Inhumane Treatment

People are free and should not be bound or restricted by anything.

It states that no one should be subject to “torture or to cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment.”

The Right to Equal Treatment before the Law

People have the right to equal protection under the law and equal treatment as others in similar conditions.

“All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law.”

The Right to Privacy

All have the right to privacy.

Private matters should not be disclosed to others, nor needlessly obstructed by companies.

It protects citizens from government or corporate overreach and surveillance.

The Right to Asylum

Everyone has the right to asylum.

Often having a religious component, churches have the right to protect those who are persecuted and fleeing their homeland.

The Right to Marriage and Family

“Full age without any limitations due to race, nationality, or religion”, have the right to marry and start a family.

Both parties must be given the freedom to choose their partners, as well as provide full consent.

Thus, without consent, people do not have the right to marriage.

The Right to Freedom of Thought, Religion, Opinion and Expression

“Everyone has the right to hold opinions, follow a religion and change their beliefs.”

Included in this right is the protection of an individual’s right to “seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media”.

In many countries, “freedom of expression” or “freedom of speech” is considered the most important right designated to humans.

The Right to Work

Everyone has the right to work.

At the same time, everyone has the right to “favorable conditions” and protection against unemployment.

“Equal pay for equal work” remains a large global issue and intersects with discrimination based on gender and race.。

The Right to Education

“All human rights are interdependent, but many consider the right to education a top priority for the world.”

Education must be free of cost through elementary school.

Further education, along with technical and professional education should be available and accessible to all.

Globally, women and girls continue to face significant barriers to their education.

The Right to Social Services

‘Social services’ ensure that everyone has a certain standard of living.

Article 25 of the United Declaration of Human Rights defines this standard as sufficient for the well-being and health of an individual and their family.

In cases in which someone is unable to acquire income due to unemployment, illness etc., this right also includes the provision of clothing, housing, food, water, medical care and security.

Human Rights for Everyone

30 human rights list

Human rights are the rights to claim moral freedom for all.

All human rights should be equally provided to all people, regardless of race, gender etc., and there is an obligation for all states and governments to protect these human rights.

Unfortunately, even after more than 70 years since the publishing of the Declaration, discrimination such as racism remains one of the greatest challenges of our time.

We must be aware of and understand human rights, appreciate their value, recognize the issues that still exist today, and strive to find a solution to them.

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